Origin of Shakti Peeths
Shakti Peeths originated from the primeval Hindu principle that entails the female entity Shakti, the giver of life and fertility, as the more dynamic and the male, as the more passive form of Divinity. The spirit personified by Shiva and the matter individualized by Durga (the Universal Mother) inspired several cults and schools of philosophy. The Divine Mothers-Maha Saraswati, Maha Laxmi and Maha Kali-are worshipped throughout the Indian subcontinent. Each region has its sacred idol glorifying some manifestation exclusive to the area. However, the 51 Shakti Peeths are specifically sanctified spots, where a particular portion of the great Goddess's body fell to earth when Parvati killed herself in her father Raja Daksha's yagna fire, in retaliation and vengeance, unable to bear the insults made to Shiva. Vishnu, the Preserver in the Hindu Trinity, cut up Sati's body so that Shiva could resort to his daily duties again. Sati's body was thus scattered all over what is presently the Indian subcontinent. There are 51 such holy spots where temples have been erected and they are called Pithas or the Shakti Pithas.
Hinduism - Shakti's ImportanceHinduism gives lot of importance to Shakti. Though there are more followers of Shiva and Vishnu, there are many followers of Shakti also. Shakti is the other side of Lord Shiva. Unless Shiva and Shakti combine, evolution does not take place. It is said that Adi Shankaracharya denied existence of Shakti and prayed only to Shiva. But he felt totally without energy and could not even get up. He was surprised because he was great devotee of Lord Shiva. He prayed and Shakti appeared. She told him that it was she who gave him energy to do things. Then Shankarcharya prayed to Shakti and found her true nature.
Radha was Krishna's Shakti. Seeta was lord Rama's Shakti. Parvati is Lord Shiva's Shakti. Unless the Lord joins the Shakti, he is powerless. In kundalini yoga, Guru awakes this Shakti. After awakening Shakti travels upward in the body and meets the Lord in the center of the head chakra. Let us pray to Shakti and ask for her blessings.
Kaalighat Temple & Ma Kali
Kaalighat or Kalighat is regarded as the holiest peeth or pith of the 52 Shakti Peethams of India, where the various parts of Sati's body are said to have fallen, in the course of Shiva's Rudra Tandava. Kalighat represents the site where the toes of the right foot of Shakti or Sati fell -
Nakulish kalipithe dakshapadangulishu cha
Sarbadhikari devi kalika tatra devta
Kalighat is the Maha Shakti pith. Holiest shakti peeth where devi kali always staying lively with lord Shiva - Nakulewar -
Kalou kali Kalou kali Kalou kali cha keblam
Kalou kali susiddha cha Kalou kalibaraprada
Mahamaye jaganmatah kalike ghor dakshine
Grihanang bandanang devi namaste paramesari
As per Peethmala and Nigama Granth Goddess Kali herself told that there is a bow shaped land (kshetra) stretched from Dakshineswar to Bahulapur (now Behala). This land is KALIKSHETRA. Within this land there is a triangular shaped land which is the place of tri mahashakti Bramha, Vishnu and Maheswar lord Shiva. At the middle of this triangular land there is a place where Mahakali always staying lively with lord Shiva Nakuleswar. This place is one of the Holiest place in this world. MAHA PUNNA KSHETRA. There is no difference between this Kali kshetra and Kashi Kshetra of Varanashi and not just any human being or any animal, even the soul of any living thing will rest in peace with freedom (Mukti) if it dies here at this kshetra or land -
Dhanukakar kshetrancha yoyondboy sankhakong.
Tasmat trikonkarah kros matra byabasthita,
trikone triguna karo Bramah Vishnu Shivatmakang,
Madhye cha Kalika Devi Mahakali prakirtita.
Bhairaba Nakuleswara yatra Ganga birajita,
Tatra kshetrang mahapunyang devonamapi durlabhang.
Kalikshetra Kashikshetra abhodohapi Maheswarah,
kitohapi marane mukta king punah manabadoyh.
Vairabi Bagala Vidya Matangi Kamala Tatha
Bramih Maheswari chandi chastashakti baseth yada.
Kalighat Temple is a Mahapith which is well known to the world. This is the temple where offering Puja means a connection with the divine power. Extremely lively deity. Millions of people comes here to fulfill their desire. If you are facing any problem on the way of your life, just spend only one minute and send Puja to Kaalighat temple. See whether your desire get fulfilled or not...
2 Tarapith Temple
Tarapeath Temple & Maa Tara
Dakshineswar Temple & Ma Bhabatarini
Dakshineshwar in Hooghly district is known for its Kaali temple, made famous through its association with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the spiritual Guru of the religious leader Swami Vivekananda. Located in Calcutta, nearby is the well known Kalighat temple also dedicated to Kaali. The Kaali temple is of fairly recent origin (1847), and it is representative of Bangla temple architecture, with a cluster of towers, with a central dome towering above the rest, with a two layered roof - one superimposed on the other, with four domes in four corners of each, with a corridor with a curvilinear roof in between each pair of domes. Across the Hooghly river from Dakshineshwar, on its west bank, is Belur Math, the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Mission. Following Ramakrishna's passing in 1886, Swami Vivekananda founded the mission.
Taraknath Temple of Tarakeshwar is one of the prominent pilgrimage centers in Bengal. Tarakeshwar is located near Serampore near Calcutta in Bengal. This temple dates back to the 18th century. Legend has it that a devotee by name Vishnu Das emigrated with his clan from Oude (Ayodhya) and was viewed with suspicion by the locals. It is believed that he proved his innocence by holding in his hand a red hot iron bar. Later, his brother discovered a site in the nearby jungle, where cattle discharged the contents of their udders (milk) at a particular spot each day. Upon investigation, they discovered a Shivalingam. A dream is said to have revealed to them that this Shivalingam was a manifestation of Tarakeshwar - Lord Shiva ... the Param Bramh... the primordial and ultimate force of the universe...the source of everything. A temple was built at this spot, and was renovated in subsequent years.
9 Vrindavan, sanctified by the glorious Radha-Krishna deities, is also the seat of a Shakti Peeth dedicated to Katyayini. It is here at the Keshi Ghat where Sati's hair dropped down on the banks of the river Yamuna. People flock here to seek Katyayini Devi's help for finding suitable matrimonial alliances for their children and cures for family members afflicted with mental disorders. Childless couples come to get the Eternal Mother's blessing for a healthy child. Katyayini Devi also bestows moksha (salvation) on those who die in her place.
10 Kamakhya Temple
Kamakhya Devi's shrine at Guwahati is synonymous with the mysterious, magical Assam as a world famous tantrik center. According to the Shiva, Devi and Skanda Puranas, this was the spot where Sati's female genitalia fell. The goddess became the patron deity of Assam or Kama Rupa, as known in Vedic and Puranic Times.
Kanyakumari is the only other wish-fulfilling Shakti Peeth apart from Jwalamukhi. At the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula where the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and Bay of Bengal join, stands Kanyakumari or Cape Comorin. It is believed that Sati's shoulders and back fell here. According to the Shiva, Skanda, and Markandaya Puranas, when Sati reincarnated, she performed rigid tapasya (penance) here to obtain reunion with Shiva. The original Vedic era temple was destroyed by constant erosion caused by waves and winds. However, even today, Kanyakumari's footprints can be seen in the small Pada Parai shrine. Saints down the ages, including Swami Vivekananda, meditated and attained enlightenment here.
Here is the remaining list